Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The transcription factor HIF (hypoxia-inducible factor) mediates a highly pleiotrophic response to hypoxia. Many recent studies have focused on defining the extent of this transcriptional response. In the present study we have analysed regulation by hypoxia among transcripts encoding human Fe(II)- and 2-oxoglutarate-dependent oxygenases. Our results show that many of these genes are regulated by hypoxia and define two groups of histone demethylases as new classes of hypoxia-regulated genes. Patterns of induction were consistent across a range of cell lines with JMJD1A (where JMJD is Jumonji-domain containing) and JMJD2B demonstrating robust, and JMJD2C more modest, up-regulation by hypoxia. Functional genetic and chromatin immunoprecipitation studies demonstrated the importance of HIF-1α in mediating these responses. Given the importance of histone methylation status in defining patterns of gene expression under different physiological and pathophysiological conditions, these findings predict a role for the HIF system in epigenetic regulation.

Original publication




Journal article


Biochemical Journal


Portland Press Ltd.

Publication Date





387 - 394