A first step towards practical single cell proteomics: a microfluidic antibody capture chip with TIRF detection.
Salehi-Reyhani A., Kaplinsky J., Burgin E., Novakova M., deMello AJ., Templer RH., Parker P., Neil MAA., Ces O., French P., Willison KR., Klug D.
We have developed a generic platform to undertake the analysis of protein copy number from single cells. The approach described here is 'all-optical' whereby single cells are manipulated into separate analysis chambers using an optical trap; single cells are lysed by a shock wave caused by laser-induced microcavitation, and the protein released from a single cell is measured by total internal reflection microscopy as it is bound to micro-printed antibody spots within the device. The platform was tested using GFP transfected cells and the relative precision of the measurement method was determined to be 88%. Single cell measurements were also made on a breast cancer cell line to measure the relative levels of unlabelled human tumour suppressor protein p53 using a chip incorporating an antibody sandwich assay format. These results suggest that this is a viable method for measuring relative protein levels in single cells.