The Cholecystectomy As A Day Case (CAAD) Score: A Validated Score of Preoperative Predictors of Successful Day-Case Cholecystectomy Using the CholeS Data Set
El-Sharkawy AM., Tewari N., Vohra RS., Vohra RS., Pasquali S., Kirkham AJ., Marriott P., Johnstone M., Spreadborough P., Alderson D., Griffiths EA., Fenwick S., Elmasry M., Nunes Q., Kennedy D., Basit Khan R., Khan MA., Magee CJ., Jones SM., Mason D., Parappally CP., Mathur P., Saunders M., Jamel S., Ul Haque S., Zafar S., Shiwani MH., Samuel N., Dar F., Jackson A., Lovett B., Dindyal S., Winter H., Fletcher T., Rahman S., Wheatley K., Nieto T., Ayaani S., Youssef H., Nijjar RS., Watkin H., Naumann D., Emeshi S., Sarmah PB., Lee K., Joji N., Heath J., Teasdale RL., Weerasinghe C., Needham PJ., Welbourn H., Forster L., Finch D., Blazeby JM., Robb W., McNair AG., Hrycaiczuk A., Charalabopoulos A., Kadirkamanathan S., Tang CB., Jayanthi NV., Noor N., Dobbins B., Cockbain AJ., Nilsen-Nunn A., de Siqueira J., Pellen M., Cowley JB., Ho WM., Miu V., White TJ., Hodgkins KA., Kinghorn A., Tutton MG., Al-Abed YA., Menzies D., Ahmad A., Reed J., Khan S., Monk D., Vitone LJ., Murtaza G., Joel A., Brennan S., Shier D., Zhang C., Yoganathan T., Robinson SJ., McCallum IJ., Jones MJ., Elsayed M., Tuck L., Wayman J., Carney K., Aroori S., Hosie KB., Kimble A., Bunting DM., Fawole AS., Basheer M.
© 2019, The Author(s). Background: Day-case surgery is associated with significant patient and cost benefits. However, only 43% of cholecystectomy patients are discharged home the same day. One hypothesis is day-case cholecystectomy rates, defined as patients discharged the same day as their operation, may be improved by better assessment of patients using standard preoperative variables. Methods: Data were extracted from a prospectively collected data set of cholecystectomy patients from 166 UK and Irish hospitals (CholeS). Cholecystectomies performed as elective procedures were divided into main (75%) and validation (25%) data sets. Preoperative predictors were identified, and a risk score of failed day case was devised using multivariate logistic regression. Receiver operating curve analysis was used to validate the score in the validation data set. Results: Of the 7426 elective cholecystectomies performed, 49% of these were discharged home the same day. Same-day discharge following cholecystectomy was less likely with older patients (OR 0.18, 95% CI 0.15–0.23), higher ASA scores (OR 0.19, 95% CI 0.15–0.23), complicated cholelithiasis (OR 0.38, 95% CI 0.31 to 0.48), male gender (OR 0.66, 95% CI 0.58–0.74), previous acute gallstone-related admissions (OR 0.54, 95% CI 0.48–0.60) and preoperative endoscopic intervention (OR 0.40, 95% CI 0.34–0.47). The CAAD score was developed using these variables. When applied to the validation subgroup, a CAAD score of ≤5 was associated with 80.8% successful day-case cholecystectomy compared with 19.2% associated with a CAAD score >5 (p < 0.001). Conclusions: The CAAD score which utilises data readily available from clinic letters and electronic sources can predict same-day discharges following cholecystectomy.