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Receptor interacting protein kinase-2 (RIPK2) is an enzyme involved in the transduction of pro-inflammatory nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD) cell signaling, a pathway implicated in numerous chronic inflammatory conditions. Herein, a pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-one based class of RIPK2 kinase and NOD2 cell signaling inhibitors is described. For example, 33 (e.g. UH15-15) inhibited RIPK2 kinase (IC50 = 8 ± 4 nM) and displayed > 300-fold selectivity versus structurally related activin receptor-like kinase 2 (ALK2). This molecule blocked NOD2-dependent HEKBlue NF-κB activation (IC50 = 20 ± 5 nM) and CXCL8 production (at concentrations > 10 nM). Molecular docking suggests that engagement of Ser25 in the glycine-rich loop may provide increased selectivity versus ALK2 and optimal occupancy of the region between the gatekeeper and the αC-helix may contribute to potent NOD2 cell signaling inhibition. Finally, this compound also demonstrated favorable in vitro ADME and pharmacokinetic properties (e.g. Cmax = 5.7 μM, Tmax = 15 min, t1/2 = 3.4 h and Cl = 45 mL/min/kg following single 10 mg/kg intraperitoneal administration) further supporting the use of pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-ones as a new structure class of RIPK2 kinase and NOD cell signaling inhibitors.

Original publication




Journal article


European journal of medicinal chemistry

Publication Date





Department of Pharmacological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Houston, Health Building 2, Houston, TX, 77204, USA.


Cell Line, Tumor, Humans, Pyridines, Pyrimidinones, Antineoplastic Agents, Protein Kinase Inhibitors, Signal Transduction, Protein Binding, Drug Design, Nod2 Signaling Adaptor Protein, Receptor-Interacting Protein Serine-Threonine Kinase 2, Molecular Docking Simulation, Protein Domains