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NF-κB signaling pathways, induced by a variety of triggers, play a key role in regulating the expression of genes involved in the immune response and cellular responses to stress. The human pathogen Helicobacter pylori induces classical and alternative NF-κB signaling pathways via its effector ADP-L-glycero-β-D-manno-heptose (ADP-heptose). We review H. pylori- and NF-κB-dependent alterations in cellular processes and associated maladaptation leading to deleterious gastric pathophysiology that have implications for the diagnosis and treatment of gastric diseases. Therapeutic options for gastric cancer (GC) include clinically relevant small molecule inhibitors of NF-κB and epigenetic therapy approaches. In this context, gastric organoid biobanks originated from patient material, represent a valuable platform for translational applications to predict patient responses to chemotherapy, with a view to personalized medicine.

Original publication




Journal article


Trends in molecular medicine

Publication Date



Institute of Experimental Internal Medicine, Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, 39120 Magdeburg, Germany.